Dr. Thomas S. Buchanan

Director, Delaware Rehabilitation Institute
Laird Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Professor of Biomechanics & Movement Science
Department of Mechanical Engineering
201A Spencer Lab/STAR
Newark, DE 19716

Professor Buchanan's Personal Website

Professor Buchanan's Google Scholar Profile

Executive Summary

Thomas S. Buchanan is the George W. Laird Professor of Mechanical Engineering. He received a BS from UCSD in Applied Mechanics & Engineering Sciences (Bioengineering) and a PhD in Theoretical & Applied Mechanics from Northwestern University. After doing a post-doc at MIT in Brain & Cognitive Sciences, he was given a faculty appointment back at Northwestern in the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and had a lab at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago. From there he moved to the University of Delaware's Department of Mechanical Engineering and became Director of the Center for Biomechanical Engineering Research. He also served as Academic Director of UD's interdisciplinary Biomechanics & Movement Science graduate program. Buchanan served as Chairman of UD's Department of Mechanical Engineering and as Deputy Dean of the College of Engineering before being appointed the inaugural Director of the Delaware Rehabilitation Institute. Outside of UD, he has served as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Applied Biomechanics and as President of the American Society of Biomechanics. Buchanan holds the rank of Fellow in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). Buchanan has been principal investigator on over $25m of NIH research grants.

Key Publications

Buchanan TS, Lloyd DG, Manal K, Besier TF: Neuromusculoskeletal Modeling: Estimation of muscle forces and joint moments and movements from measurements of neural command, J Appl Biomech 20(4): 367-395, 2004

Buchanan TS, Lloyd DG, Manal K, Besier TF: Estimation of muscle forces and joint moments using a forward-inverse dynamics model, Med Sci Sports Excer 37(11): 1911-1916, 2005

Barrance PJ, Williams GN, Snyder-Mackler L, Buchanan TS: Do ACL injured copers exhibit differences in knee kinematics? An MRI study. Clin Orthop Rel Res 454(1): 74-80, 2007

Shao Q, Buchanan TS: A biomechanical model to estimate corrective changes in muscle activation patterns for stroke patients. J Biomech 41(14): 3097-3100, 2008

Rao G, Berton E, Amarantini D, Vigouroux L, Buchanan TS: An EMG-driven biomechanical model that accounts for the decrease in moment generation capacity during a dynamic fatigued condition. J Biomech Eng 132(7): 071003 (9 pgs), 2010

Research Areas

Biomedical Engineering
Engineering: musculoskeletal modeling, neural control of movement, patient-specific modeling using MRI and ultrasound, muscle mechanics. Medicine: orthopaedics, radiology, neurology, rehabilitation.

Mechanical models of how muscles generate forces and how such forces affect loads in cartilage and ligaments; applications to osteoarthritis, stroke and sports medicine.

Life & Health Sciences
Director of the Delaware Rehabilitation Institute (, which brings together faculty across campus to study physical rehabilitation.

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